Much nanotechnology research is done at universities. Since
nanotechnology research is expensive and most schools don't have the
means to pay for it, much of the research is done in conjunction with
businesses or the government.
More than a hundred schools have nanotechnology programs underway, but
several of them have earned special distinction.
HARVARD: Harvard's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center
comprises faculty members from several different departments,
including engineering, physics, biology, chemistry, and the medical
school. The three main research groups are working on multiscale
mechanics of films and interfaces, engineering materials and techniques
for biological studies at cellular scales, and interface-mediated
assembly of soft materials.
RICE: Rice is home to the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology at Rice
and Richard Smalley, the Nobel Laureate in chemistry
who is a nanotechnology pioneer. The center focuses on wet, dry,
and computational nanotechnology, and often works with NASA.
COLUMBIA: Columbia is home to the
Center for Nanostructured Materials. At the center, teams
of people work on developing complex metal oxide nanocrystals into
thin films that can be used to improve the strength of materials.
The center also looks into structurally integrated chemical films that
NORTHWESTERN: Northwestern is home to the
International Institute for Nanotechnology and its Evanston campus
hosts the 43,000-square-foot Center for Nanofabrication and Molecular
Self-Assembly. The center was paid for by the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services, which makes it one of the first federally
funded facilities dedicated to nanotechnology.
RENNSSELAER: This institute has a
nanotechnology center that
studies advanced coating for materials, the nano dimensions of
biosciences and biotechnology, nanoelectrics, and nano-scale mechanics